Robotic Mitral Valve Repair
Cardiothoracic surgeons at Jefferson Hospitals in Philadelphia have broken new ground in repairing the mitral valve. Our surgeons were the first in Philadelphia to use robotic surgery techniques to repair a mitral valve, which provide important benefits and improved outcomes to patients.
How Does the Mitral Valve Work & What Happens When it Malfunctions?
The mitral valve, made up of two small but important flaps that control the flow of blood between the atrium and ventricles of the heart, are essential in regulating blood flow to the lungs, aorta and the body. As the atrium fills with blood, the pressure pushes open the mitral valve allowing blood to flow into the left ventricle. It immediately closes behind to prevent a reversal of blood flow.
The valve can malfunction in the form of stenosis, a thickening, stiffening or fusing together of the valve flaps and regurgitation or backflow of blood into the atrium. If not treated, advanced heart valve disease can cause heart failure, stroke or blood clots.
There are many causes of mitral valve disease, including mitral valve prolapse, rheumatic disease, coronary artery disease, infection (endocarditis), and others.
Benefits of Robotic Mitral Valve Repair
If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with stenosis or regurgitation of the mitral valve, you will require surgery to repair the problem. That surgery traditionally involved opening the chest and required a long and difficult recovery.
Robotics provides surgeons with three-dimensional visualization in and around the heart, a "miniaturized" field for operating, and three robotic hands. This allows for a more precise surgery, less scarring and blood loss and faster recovery for patients.
Utilizing robotic technology, your Jefferson surgeon will be able to more easily see the mitral valve and repair it in a simple way that leads to:
- Less pain
- A shorter hospital stay
- Less blood loss
- Minimal scarring
- Faster recovery times