Jefferson University Hospitals

Thyroid Cancer

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Thyroid Cancer
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Thyroid cancer is a cancerous growth of the thyroid gland (located at the base of your neck) and can occur in all ages. Although the majority of thyroid nodules (abnormal growths) are benign, about 5 to 10 percent of nodules contain cancer. Otolaryngologists (ear, nose and throat physicians) at Jefferson Health will carefully evaluate the mass or nodule. To appropriately diagnose the nodule, you may need to have the following:

  • A blood test to assess the function of your thyroid (TSH, T4, T3, thyroid antibodies)
  • Ultrasound or CT scan to detect any other nodules and their sizes as well as lymph nodes
  • A fine-needle aspiration biopsy to determine what types of cells are present in the thyroid gland and nodules
  • A radionuclide scan

If the nodule or mass is found to be cancerous, your Jefferson Health otolaryngologist may recommend surgery to remove part or all of your thyroid gland. Occasionally, for large or more aggressive types of thyroid cancer, other treatments such as radioactive iodine, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy may be needed to treat the disease.

Rated among the best in the nation for Ear, Nose and Throat by U.S. News & World Report, our otolaryngologists offer comprehensive evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation. 

If you have a family history of thyroid cancer, especially medullary thyroid cancer, our highly skilled staff at Jefferson's Clinical Cancer Genetics Service can assist you with learning more about your medical history and whether you're predisposed to the disease.