Blocked Fallopian Tubes
The fallopian tubes are two thin structures on either side of the uterus that help lead a mature egg from the ovaries to the uterus. Ordinarily, the sperm fertilizes the egg in one of the fallopian tubes, generating an embryo. Following fertilization, the embryo travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus where it must "implant" in order to establish a pregnancy.
Scar tissue in the fallopian tubes may prevent the tubes from picking up the egg from the ovary and may impair transport of the embryo to the uterus. Tubal damage may result from conditions such as endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease, prior surgery or prior infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.
If you are concerned about your ability to conceive a child, Jefferson Health partners with the fertility specialists at Reproductive Medicine Associates (RMA) in performing tests to diagnose blocked fallopian tubes, and will recommend the best treatment plan for you.
How are Blocked Fallopian Tubes Diagnosed?
To diagnose blocked fallopian tubes, our fertility specialists perform a specialized X-ray study called a hysterosalpingogram, or HSG. This test consists of placing a small volume of dye through the cervix in order to evaluate the uterus, the fallopian tubes and the surrounding pelvis. The HSG procedure is rapid and can diagnose blocked or swollen fallopian tubes that might impair natural conception.
Tubal status may also be tested using an ultrasound (with or without saline infusion, i.e., sonohysterography, or SHG), operative laparoscopy or operative hysteroscopy.
How are Blocked Fallopian Tubes Treated?
Several treatments may overcome infertility caused by tubal disease including surgical removal of scar tissue in and around the fallopian tubes or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
It's important to know that tubal disease can increase the risk of having an ectopic pregnancy, a condition in which the embryo grows in the fallopian tube. This condition can result in rupture of the affected tube, internal bleeding and further tubal damage. In the setting of an ectopic pregnancy, rapid diagnosis and treatment can be lifesaving and may include laparoscopy (surgery) or medication to eliminate the misplaced pregnancy.
Why Choose Jefferson Health for Blocked Fallopian Tubes?
Recognized as leaders in reproductive medicine, Jefferson Health fertility doctors use the least invasive and most effective therapies available to help patients have healthy babies without delay. Our experts can evaluate and treat blocked fallopian tubes, offering individualized treatment plans suited to patient needs and preferences.
We are extremely proud of our pregnancy success rates with in vitro fertilization.
Schedule an Appointment with a Fertility Expert
To schedule an appointment with one of our fertility specialists, please call 215-922-1556.
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