Jefferson University Hospitals

Obstetrics & Gynecology

Diseases & Conditions

Providing evidence-based treatments for the full spectrum of OBGYN conditions

Jefferson Health Obstetrics & Gynecology department treats a wide range of conditions with expertise, compassion and respect. Together, with you and our multidisciplinary team, we align on the right treatment approach for you based on your unique needs and the latest research. 

Please note this is not a complete list of all OBGYN conditions treated. You can visit individual Programs & Services to see the specific conditions treated by each specialty. If you don’t see a particular condition, you can contact the OBGYN office or your provider at 215-955-5000

Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Scar tissue in the fallopian tubes, that connect the ovaries to the uterus, may prevent the tubes from picking up the egg from the ovary and may impair transport of the embryo to the uterus. We have extensive experience diagnosing and treating blocked fallopian tubes, and will partner with you to align on the best treatment plan for you.

Breast Lumps (Common, Benign)
If you experience a lump in your breast, you should schedule an appointment to have the lump examined as soon as possible. Based on our assessment, we can refer you for advanced imaging and noninvasive surgical procedures to determine if the lump is cancerous or benign.

Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, is involved in most cases of cervical cancer. Our multidisciplinary team of specialists has expertise in managing HPV, precancerous cervical abnormalities and cervical cancer.

An inflammation of the cervix is known as cervicitis and some of its symptoms may include pelvic pain, backache and/or a discharge that contains pus. If you are experiencing symptoms of cervicitis, we may conduct additional tests to confirm your diagnosis before aligning on a treatment plan.

A cystocele occurs when the wall between the bladder and vagina weakens and stretches, allowing the bladder to bulge into the vagina. If you are diagnosed with a cystocele, our multidisciplinary team of specialists will align on a multifaceted treatment approach.

Diminished Ovarian Reserve
Age-related reduction in fertility appears to be due to diminishing egg quality and quantity, or diminished ovarian reserve. Having a low ovarian reserve is only an issue if you want to become pregnant. We offer a range of expert treatment options to help overcome a low ovarian reserve and achieve pregnancy.

A type of abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain. We have the expertise to diagnose and treat all of the different types of abnormal bleeding.

Endometrial Cancer
Developing in the endometrium, the innermost lining of the uterus, endometrial cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs and has a high cure rate with early detection. Your team of specialists will provide a thorough evaluation and devise a personalized treatment plan for you.

Endometriosis Endometriosis can contribute to pelvic pain and infertility, at least partly by causing scarring in and around the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Based on your symptoms and fertility plans, we will discuss medication and surgery treatment options. If surgery is required, we have the surgical expertise to use a minimally invasive approach for even the most complex cases of endometriosis.

Flat or Inverted Nipples
Having flat or inverted nipples causes challenges when breastfeeding as it makes it difficult for the baby to latch on to the nipple. If you are experiencing difficulty breastfeeding, our obstetricians, nurses and dedicated lactation specialists are here to offer counseling and support to help you achieve your breastfeeding goals.

Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after six to 12 months of attempting to conceive. Infertility can arise from causes that affect the female partner, the male partner or both. If you are concerned about your fertility, our fertility specialists will perform diagnostic tests and recommend treatment options to help you achieve pregnancy and grow your family.

Ineffective Latch-On or Sucking
Premature birth and jaundice are just a few of the many reasons a baby may not be able to suck or latch on effectively. Our obstetricians, nurses and dedicated lactation specialists are here to assess the problem and help you achieve your breastfeeding goals.

Insufficient or Delayed Milk Production
If you are concerned about your milk production, our Obstetrical Care team is here to help. Even after you are home with your baby, our lactation specialists are always available to you for breastfeeding counseling and support via the "Warm Line" at 215-955-6665.

Low Milk Production
If milk production is an issue after you are home with your baby, you can call the "Warm Line" at 215-955-6665 day or night with questions about breastfeeding. Our lactation specialists will return your call within 24 hours to help answer all of your questions and plan a course of action.

Male Factor Infertility
Male factor infertility may be caused by hormonal or genetic abnormalities that affect sperm production or function, or cause blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. If you or your partner is concerned about male factor infertility, we will evaluate fertility potential, identify the cause and determine the best treatment options.

If you experience pain in your breasts, which is known as mastalgia, we will guide you through treatment options and further imaging, if needed.

Breast inflammation, called mastitis, is usually caused by a bacterial infection and is associated with swelling, pain and redness. Mastitis most commonly occurs while breastfeeding.

Our gynecologists and advanced practice nurses are experts in helping patients cope with all of the symptoms of menopause, including hot flashes, night sweats and vaginal dryness. We provide comprehensive treatment of these symptoms with both hormonal and non-hormonal treatment approaches.

Most pregnancy losses occur in the first trimester, prior to eight weeks of pregnancy. Having two or three consecutive miscarriages is a condition termed "recurrent pregnancy loss." If you have experienced a miscarriage or recurrent miscarriages, we are here to help. Our team will diagnose the cause and recommend treatment options to help you achieve your dream of growing your family.

Multiple Pregnancy
If you are pregnant with two or more fetuses, our dedicated team of obstetricians, Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialists and advanced practice nurses will closely monitor your pregnancy and provide advanced interventions, if needed, to ensure the health of you and your babies throughout pregnancy and labor and delivery.

Ovarian Cancer
Ovarian cancer occurs when malignant, or cancerous, growth forms in the ovaries. Early detection is critical to treating the disease in its first stages when treatment can be most effective. Jefferson Health specializes in gynecologic cancer care, so if you are experiencing symptoms of ovarian cancer, such as bloating or discomfort, contact us to schedule an appointment.

Over-Active Let-Down
If your baby gags or pushes away from the breast while feeding, you may be experiencing over-active let-down, when your body produces milk too quickly. If you think you are experiencing over-active let-down, we are here to help. You can call the "Warm Line" at 215-955-6665 day or night with questions about breastfeeding.

Ovulation Disorders
When ovulation fails to occur or occurs on an infrequent or irregular basis, it is considered an ovulatory disorder, which can lead to irregular periods and infertility. Our experts can perform a complete evaluation to determine the cause(s) and align on the best treatment plan for you.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) typically is the result of an infection in your pelvic organs. Our multidisciplinary team offers expert evaluation and treatment for PID.

Pelvic Pain
There are many reasons you may be experiencing pain in your pelvic region. Given the range of causes, our experts will assess your unique situation and devise the best treatment plan for you.

Meaning “around menopause,” perimenopause is the time leading up to the final menstrual period, marking the end of the reproductive years. Perimenopause usually involves irregular menstrual bleeding, which may be accompanied by hot flashes and night sweats. Our Gynecologic Care team is here for you to help manage your symptoms.

Plugged Milk Ducts
If you go too long without emptying your breasts of milk, or if insufficient milk is being emptied during feedings, your milk ducts can become plugged and you may feel a tender lump in your breast. You should schedule an appointment to confirm if the lump is due to a plugged milk duct or if further testing is required.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS is the most common hormonal and reproductive problem during childbearing age.  Our team of experts is here to provide personalized treatment that will differ depending on your future fertility plans.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
PMDD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, is a cyclic mood disorder that typically occurs in the week leading up to your period and resolves within the first few days of your period. We offer several treatment options to help you manage the symptoms.

PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) 
The symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are very common in the week leading up to your period and resolve within the first few days of your period. Symptoms, such as bloating, cramps and headaches, vary in individuals and can last from a few hours to days. We will help manage your symptoms with non-prescription and prescription-based treatment options, so every day is a good day.

Our obstetricians and advanced practice nurses are among the best in the Philadelphia region for managing your pregnancy and welcoming your baby into the world. Right from the start of your pregnancy, through delivery and beyond, our highly skilled team will give you and your baby all of the personal attention and care you need.

STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection)
We offer rapid testing for sexually transmitted infections. We recommend annual testing and additional testing if you believe you had a possible exposure, experience symptoms or have a new sexual partner. If you are diagnosed with an STI, we will discuss treatment options with you.

Urinary Tract Infections
Burning during urination, frequent urination and cloudy urine are all signs of a urinary tract infection (UTI) that can occur in any part of your urinary system. Our specialists will accurately diagnose and treat your UTI to help alleviate your symptoms.

Urinary Incontinence
If you are unable to hold your urine, you may be experiencing urinary incontinence. Our urogynecologists will diagnose the cause and develop a treatment plan.

Uterine Cancer
Uterine cancer originates in the uterus, most commonly in the endometrial lining as endometrial cancer. Together, with our multidisciplinary team, we will develop a personalized treatment plan based on the nature of your uterine cancer and decide if surgery is the best option.

Uterine Fibroids
Our team specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine fibroids, benign tumors arising from the muscular walls of the uterus. Fibroids can interfere with getting pregnant and may also contribute to pregnancy losses.

Vaginal Cancer
In most cases of vaginal cancer, cancerous cell growth occurs in the lining of the vagina. Our Gynecologic Oncology team has expertise in using the most advanced treatment methods and technologies available to treat vaginal cancer.

There are many forms of vaginitis, a vaginal condition associated with itchiness, pain and discharge. We are experts in diagnosing and treating all types of vaginitis.

Vulvar Cancer
If you are diagnosed with vulvar cancer, a type of cancer that develops on the outer surface of the female genitalia, we will provide a thorough evaluation and devise a treatment plan based on your medical and personal needs.

The inflammation of the vulva, or vulvitis, can result from a variety of causes. Our team will accurately diagnose the cause of vulvitis and provide personalized treatment.