In This Section
Key Terms to Know
- Clinical Trial – A type of research study that tests how well new medical approaches work in people.
- Informed Consent – A process in which patients are given important information, including possible risks and benefits, about a medical procedure or treatment to help them decide if they want to be treated, tested, or take part in the trial.
- Institutional Review Board (IRB) – Group of medical providers and community members that evaluate and approve studies for safety before they begin and while they are going on.
- Protocol – The plan that describes what will happen in the trial and how it will be conducted.
- Phase – clinical trials that test new drugs, methods or other treatments proceed through phases or steps: Phase I, Phase II, Phase III and Phase IV trials.
- Randomized Study – clinical trial in which a computer randomly assigns people for each arm, or branch of the study.
- Principal Investigator – Researcher in charge of a clinical trial.
- Research Coordinator – Link between participant, doctor and the clinical trial, providing information and answering questions. Collects and reports data throughout the trial.