Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

If you fit into any of the descriptions below, you may be at risk of developing lower extremity peripheral vascular disease, or PAD.

  • Younger than 50 years of age with diabetes and one additional risk factor such as smoking, excessive lipids in the blood, hypertension or elevated homoysteine levels in the blood
  • Age 50 to 69 and have a history of smoking or diabetes
  • Age 70 or older
  • Have abnormal lower-extremity pulse examination
  • Known athersclerotic coronary, carotid or renal artery disease

The highly skilled surgeons within Jefferson's Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery as well as the Jefferson Vascular Center can perform a minimally invasive procedure known as endovascular revascularization to treat this disease.

A decade ago, lower extremity PAD was mainly treated only by long, open bypass surgery to restore blood flow. More recently, thanks to the introduction and improvement of specialized catheters, angioplasty balloons, stents and scraping blades for removing plaque from arteries, lower extremity PAD can be relieved through endovascular revascularization, and our endovascular surgeons have performed many of these procedures.

If left untreated, lower extremity PAD can result in amputation or death. Therefore, if you are experiencing cramping pains in your legs while walking or a burning sensation in your foot while resting and reclining, these could be symptoms of this disease and you should seek treatment as soon as possible.