Jefferson University Hospitals

Diseases & Conditions

  • Airway Stenosis
    A narrowing of the airway can lead to wheezing, hoarseness and shortness of breath.

  • Dysphagia
    Any difficulty in swallowing is common among all age groups, especially the elderly, and can present with coughing, gagging and choking.

  • Hoarseness
    If your voice is sounding abnormally deep and raspy for more than two weeks, you should seek treatment of your hoarseness.

  • Laryngeal Cancer
    A cancer of the voice box, laryngeal cancer is usually treated with radiation therapy or surgery.

  • Laryngeal Papilloma
    A rare condition that is caused by HPV (human papillomavirus), an infection of the throat. The typical symptom is hoarseness but occasionally the papillomas become large enough to cause airway symptoms with difficulty breathing.

  • Laryngopharyngeal Reflux
    Also known as silent reflux, this common problem in patients with throat complaints involves the backflow of stomach contents up the esophagus and into the throat.

  • Laryngospasm
    A spasm of the vocal cords that can cause sudden changes in the voice and breathing.

  • Neurogenic Voice Disorders
    A group of conditions that are caused by disorders of the nerves and muscles.

  • Spasmodic Dysphonia
    A nerve condition that occurs during speech, which makes your voice sound choppy and hoarse.

  • Vocal Cord Nodules Polyps
    Over time, repeated abuse of the vocal cords can result in vocal cord nodules that usually grow on each vocal cord, polyps that can also appear on one or both of your vocal cords, or cysts, benign growths on the vocal cords that can affect the voice.

  • Vocal Fold Paralysis
    A condition in which the vocal cords cannot move and affects your ability to speak, breathe or sometimes swallow is known as vocal cord paralysis.

  • Vocal Fold Scarring
    A stiffening of the vocal folds that can affect voice, you may be experiencing hoarseness, with sore or tight neck muscles while trying to speak.

  • Zenkers Diverticulum
    A pouch in the throat that catches food during swallowing, leading to symptoms of difficulty swallowing and sometimes even regurgitation of undigested food (or pills).